Educational Testing Service (ETS): History, Organization, and Tests

Educational Testing Service, commonly known as ETS, is the world’s largest private nonprofit educational testing and assessment organization. It was founded in 1947 by three organizations namely American Council on Education, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, and College Entrance Examination Board. These three organizations thought there should be a nonprofit organization committed to educational research and assessment should be built. So they established ETS with the mission to advance the quality and equity of education around the world. Today, it focuses on the four core values of quality, integrity, social responsibility, and equity & opportunity.

Since 2014, ETS has been led by President and CEO, Mr. Walt MacDonald. Mr. Jeffrey A. Sine of The Raine Group leads the ETS Board of Trustees. Currently, ETS employs approximately 3,200 employees around the globe who guarantee that clients and customers have access to the high-quality tools and services they demand to accomplish their goals.

The ETS ensures to produce only fair, valid, and reliable standardized tests. The tests they have developed are GRE, TOEFL, HiSET, PRAXIS, and TOEIC. These were made by the intuitive group of researchers, educational policy specialists, statisticians, and test developers.

Read more: History of GRE Test

What do you mean by ETS?

ETS stands for Educational Testing Service.

Where is Educational Testing Service (ETS) located at?

Educational Testing Service, 660 Rosedale Road, Princeton, NJ 08541 USA is the official address of the ETS Headquarters. ETS has 8 other offices located in the United States. The locations of ETS are listed below:

  • Austin, Texas
    • Austin Office 400 West 15th, Suite 700 Austin, TX 78701 USA
  • Concord, California
    • Educational Testing Service, 2731 Systron Dr, Concord, CA 94518
  • Ewing, New Jersey
    • Educational Testing Service Ewing Office, 225 Phillips Blvd, Ewing Township, NJ 08618
  • Lawrence, Kansas
    • Educational Testing Service Lawrence Office, 1202 E 23rd St suite d, Lawrence, KS 66046
  • Sacramento, California
    • ETS Sacramento Office, 1600 K Street, Suite 4A, Sacramento, CA 95814 USA
  • San Antonio, Texas
    • ETS San Antonio Office, 10999 IH 10 West, Suite 400, San Antonio, TX 78230 USA
  • San Francisco, California
    • Educational Testing Service, 90 New Montgomery St, San Francisco, CA 94105
  • Washington, D.C.
    • Educational Testing Service, 1800 M St NW, Washington, DC 20036

ETS also has global offices located outside of the US. These subsidiary offices provide local support on registration, test scores, and other test-taker matters. The subsidiary ETS offices are located in the following countries and continents:

  • Canada
    • Educational Testing Service, 133 Princess St, Kingston, ON K7L 1A8, Canada
  • ETS Global: Europe, Middle East, Africa, and Asia
    • ETS Global B.V., Strawinskylaan 929, 1077 XX Amsterdam, The Netherlands

What is the contact number of ETS?

1-609-771-7670 or 1-866-473-4373 are the contact numbers of ETS for general inquiries. 1-443-751-4820 or 1-800-473-2255 are the contact numbers for questions about the GRE registration. You may also proceed to the ETS Official Website to talk with Anita, the website’s digital assistant, for other inquiries. The contact numbers of ETS offices are listed below:

  • Austin, Texas
    • 1-737-484-3800
  • Concord, California
    • 1-925-808-2000
  • Ewing, New Jersey
    • 1-609-921-9000
  • Lawrence, Kansas
    • 1-785-856-3850
  • Sacramento, California
    • 1-916-403-2402
  • San Antonio, Texas
    • 1-210-558-5600
  • San Francisco, California
    • 1-415-645-8442
  • Washington, D.C.
    • 1-202-659-0616

The subsidiary ETS offices may be contacted in the following email addresses and contact form:

  • Canada
  • ETS Global BV: Europe, Middle East, and Africa
    • Contact form:
  • Asia Pacific specifically in China and Korea
    • China:
    • Korea:

What is the email address of ETS?

For inquiries, you may send ETS an email at

What tests are developed and administered by ETS?

GRE® , HiSET® , PRAXIS® , TOEFL® , and TOEIC® are the tests developed and administered by ETS.

The specific tests developed by ETS are listed below:

GRE Tests

  • GRE® General Test
  • GRE® Subject Tests

The HiSET® Exam

Praxis Tests

  • Praxis® Core Academic Skills for Educators Tests
  • Praxis® Subject Assessments
  • Praxis® Elementary Education: Content Knowledge for Teaching (CKT) Tests


  • TOEFL iBT®
  • TOEFL® Essentials™
  • TOEFL Primary®
  • TOEFL Junior®


  • TOEIC® Listening and Reading Test
  • TOEIC® Writing and Speaking Test
  • TOEIC Bridge® Tests

The tests offered by ETS are listed above. These tests differ in content, structure, test dates, location, and registration process. Be sure to check the details of each one to get the right test for your needs.

Did ETS develop GRE?

Yes, ETS developed the GRE. ETS made other tests, too, like TOEIC, TOEFL, Praxis, and HiSET Exam.

Read more: Graduate Record Exam (GRE)

What is the difference between GRE, TOEFL and TOEIC?

The GRE test assesses a test taker’s readiness for graduate-level coursework, whereas the TOEFL and TOEIC assess English language skills.

Read more: GRE vs. TOEFL

What is the difference between Praxis and GRE?

Praxis Tests are used by states to assess a test taker’s knowledge and skills as part of the teacher licensure and certification process while the GRE test is used to evaluate an applicant’s competency for graduate-level study in a variety of subject areas.

Read more: GRE vs. Praxis

What is the difference between HiSET and GRE?

The HiSET exam is designed to authenticate a candidate’s attainment of academic knowledge and skills similar to those of a high school graduate. This test issues a high school equivalency credential to those who failed to study secondary school. Meanwhile, the GRE is taken by students prior to enrolling in graduate school.

Read more: GRE vs. HiSET

ETS and GRE scores

How much time does ETS take to send GRE Scores?

ETS sends official GRE Scores after 10 to 15 days. The official scores will be available in the examinee’s ETS account at

How long does it take for ETS to send GRE Scores to Universities?

ETS sends official GRE Scores to designated institutions after 10 to 15 days.

Read more: GRE Scores

Does ETS give free GRE practice tests?

Yes, ETS offers free GRE practice tests. These tests are called the POWERPREP® Practice Tests.

Read more: Preparing for the GRE, Best GRE exam Prep Course

How many ETS GRE Practice Tests are there?

There are 2 official practice tests that ETS offers to test takers. The 2 free practice tests can be accessed in an examinee’s ETS Account under the Free POWERPREP® Online practice tests.

How to take the free GRE Practice Test from ETS?

To get the free GRE Mock Test from ETS, follow the steps below:”

  • Go to
  • Create an ETS account and sign in.
  • Click “Shop for Test Preparation.”
  • Add the first 2 products, POWERPREP® Online – Practice Test 1 and POWERPREP® Online – Practice Test 2, to your cart.
  • Review your cart and click “Submit.”
  • Click “My Test Preparation and Services” link on the order confirmation page.
  • Click “Go To Practice Test” in the “Action” column next to the test you would like to use.

Read more: GRE Practice Tests

What are the GRE POWERPREP® Practice Tests by ETS?

The GRE POWERPREP® Practice Test is a tool offered by ETS to assist test takers in understanding what is being tested, familiarizing themselves with question types and testing tools, practicing test-taking strategies, and understanding scoring.

There are the GRE POWERPREP® mock tests designed by ETS. Listed below are these free practice tools:

POWERPREP® Test Preview Tool

The POWERPREP® Test Preview Tool helps students be acquainted with the GRE question types, exam features, and testing tools that are present in the actual GRE test. This is a free tool found in test takers’ ETS accounts.


The POWERPREP® Online is composed of two free practice tests that resemble the official test. This includes test-taker-friendly features, shifting answers within a section, and the on-screen calculator that will be encountered on the actual test.

The POWERPREP® Online also provides the following:

  • Extra breaks
  • Screen magnification
  • Selectable colors
  • Screen reader & refreshable braille compatibility

POWERPREP® Plus Online ($39.95 USD per practice test)

The POWERPREP® Plus Online is an official practice test designed by ETS. This consists of 3 never-before-published full length practice tests. Compared to the practice tests above, the POWERPREP® Plus Online is paid per test as it offers more features like explanations for correct answers.

Read more: GRE Question Samples